1:250,000 Scale Land Use and Land Cover, New York, 1990

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Identification_Information

Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Originator: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Publication_Date: 1990
Title: 1:250,000 Scale Land Use and Land Cover, New York, 1990
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: https://cugir.library.cornell.edu/catalog/cugir-008190
Description:
Abstract: This is derived from land use/land cover digital data collected by USGS and coverted to ARC/INFO by the EPA. This data is useful for environmental assessment of land use patterns with respect to water quality analysis, growth management, and other types of environmental impact assessment. Use may be limited due to currency. Land use and land cover data (LU/LC) collected by USGS NMD is useful for environmental assessment of land use patterns with respect to water quality analysis, growth management, and other types of environmental impact assessment. Data are meant to be used by quadrangle, or among adjacent quadrangles where temporarily contiguous. Can be used in any geographic application where intermediate scale land use data are appropriate and the dates are representative.
Purpose: The purpose of the original files was to convert GIRAS data into EPA's standard GIS software. For use with other demographic and spatial data.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1990
Currentness_Reference: Publication Date
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: Unknown
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -80
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -69.883331
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 45
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 40
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: Land Use
Theme_Keyword: Land Cover
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: environment
Theme_Keyword: planningCadastre
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CUGIR Category
Theme_Keyword: landcover
Theme_Keyword: environment
Theme_Keyword: property
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: New York
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints: None. Acknowledgement of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency would be appreciated.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Albert R. Mann Library
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Cornell University
City: Ithaca
State_or_Province: New York
Postal_Code: 14853
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 607-255-5406
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: mann_ref@cornell.edu
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: https://cugir-data.s3.amazonaws.com/00/81/90/preview.png
Browse_Graphic_File_Description: preview of the dataset
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: PNG
Native_Data_Set_Environment: Dataset processing and conversion at USGS was done using ARC/INFO version 6.

Data_Quality_Information

Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report: No information provided from original dataset producers.
Logical_Consistency_Report: Polygon and chain-node topology present.
Completeness_Report: Each quadrangle of land use data has a different representative date. Date ranges from mid 1970s to early 1980s are common. When joined together these quadrangles will not likely match along edges due to differences in interpretation and time coverage. Edges of each map file were manually digitized and may not join neighboring maps. If GIRASNEAT program has been applied (see LOG at end) then edges have been mathematically recalculated to join without overlap or gaps in coverage with adjacent maps. The GIRAS series can include several themes of spatial data. The most common, described here, is the land use and land cover data. Land use was mapped and coded using the Anderson classification system (Anderson et al., 1976) which is a hierarchical system of general (level 1) to more specific (level 2) characterization. Some agencies have taken this to a level 3 classification -- but this has not been done in the GIRAS series.
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 1990
Title: USGeoData 1:250,000 and 1:100,000 Scale Land Use and Land Cover and Associated Maps Digital Data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Type_of_Source_Media: Online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1977
Ending_Date: 1980s
Source_Currentness_Reference: Publication Date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: None
Source_Contribution: Served as basis for extraction of New York State data.
Process_Step:
Process_Description: Information concerning creation of original USGS files taken from metadata posted by EPA: "GIRAS files are received by the USGS in 9-track ASCII format, one file per quadrangle. Files are loaded onto the hard disk of the computer from tape. Data are then processed with the GIRASARC2 program written in Arc Macro Language, part of the ARC/INFO geographic information system. This program was written by the USGS Water Resources Division to process the data into a consistent ARC/INFO format with a minimum of intervention. This GIRASARC2 AML program does the following: converts the GIRAS data to ARC/INFO, reconstructs topology, creating line and polygon features, transforms the coverage into UTM and then, optionally into Albers Equal Area, using the registration points listed in the GIRAS file, notes transformation error, writing it to the bottom of the narrative file, generates a synthetic neatline based on the mathematically-determined corners of the map, loads available documentation into a series of companion documentation files with each data set, data may then be clipped against or extended to the synthetic neatline for ease in merging adjacent maps at a later date. A GIRASNEAT AML program does the following: standardize processing of coverages after use of girasarc2 AML, clips in-cover with neatline cover, dissolves polygon boundaries between polygon with the same item attribute snaps exterior arcs to the arcs of the neatline cover with a tolerance of 40 meters. Original conversion from GIRAS to ARC (see LOG for date and user ID). Data are reviewed visually by the user responsible for executing the GIRASARC2 program. The GIRASARC2 and GIRASNEAT programs were executed in Arc Macro Language to create this data set. The DOCUMENT AML (version 1.0) was used to manage the documentation and create [the original EPA] metadata file."
Process_Date: Unknown
Process_Step:
Process_Description: Information concerning creation of original USGS files taken from metadata posted by EPA using Kenora Quadrangle as example. Steps: 1) GIRASARC KENORA TMPCOV ; 2) BUILD TMPCOV POLY ; 3) CREATE KENLL ; 4) PROJECT COVER KENLL /EXDISK2/ED/GIRASNEW/WORK/KEN ; 5) TRANSFORM TMPCOV /EXDISK2/ED/GIRASNEW/WORK/KEN ; 6) RENAME KEN KENU ; 7) PROJECT COVER KENU KEN ; 8) BUILD KEN POLY ; 9) GIRASDOCUMENT KEN ED ; 10) GIRASARC2 KENORA KEN ALBERS -96 00 00 ED ; 11) CLIP KEN KENNL XXCOV POLY 1 ; 12) GIRASARC KENORA TMPCOV ; 13) BUILD TMPCOV POLY ; 14) CREATE KENLL ; 15) PROJECT COVER KENLL /EXDISK2/ED/GIRASNEW/WORK/KEN ; 16) TRANSFORM TMPCOV /EXDISK2/ED/GIRASNEW/WORK/KEN ; 17) RENAME KEN KENU ; 18) PROJECT COVER KENU KEN ; 19) BUILD KEN POLY ; 20) GIRASDOCUMENT KEN ED ; 21) GIRASARC2 KENORA KEN ALBERS -96 00 00 ED ; 22) CLIP KEN KENNL XXCOV POLY 1 ; 23) COPY XXCOV LKE49094 ; 24) BUILD LKE49094 LINE ; 25) ARCEDIT /EXDISK2/ED/GIRASNEW/WORK/LKE49094 ; 26) BUILD LKE49094 POLY ; 27) GIRASNEAT KEN LKE49094 KENNL # SNAP ED
Process_Date: 19930426
Process_Step:
Process_Description: Downloaded file in Arc/Info Interchange (.e00) format. File imported into ARC/INFO, version 7.1.2. Reprojected data from Alberts Equal Area to UTM, zone 18, meters using GRS80. Exported and gzip compressed.
Process_Date: 199905
Process_Step:
Process_Description: Reprojected from UTM/meter to Geographic/decimal degrees using GRS80 and NAD83. Then used Shapearc command to convert from Arc/Info coverage format to shapefile. Files compressed using tar and gzip.
Process_Date: 199905
Process_Step:
Process_Description: CUGIR staff merged 18 separate 1x2-degree quads to a single shapefile covering New York state; joined land use classification names; and recalculated area and perimeter in square meters based on EPSG:32618 (WGS 84 UTM 18N).
Process_Date: 20170811

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information

Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Vector
Point_and_Vector_Object_Information:
SDTS_Terms_Description:
SDTS_Point_and_Vector_Object_Type: G-polygon
Point_and_Vector_Object_Count: 108234

Spatial_Reference_Information

Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 0.023
Longitude_Resolution: 0.023
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal Degrees
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983
Ellipsoid_Name: Geodedic Reference System 80
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257222101

Entity_and_Attribute_Information

Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: lulc250k
Entity_Type_Definition: Land use polygon at 1:250,000 scale
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: GIRAS digital data
Attributes:
Name Description Values
LUCODE The salient attribute managed for this polygon data set in the polygon attribute table (PAT) is the column named LUCODE containing the Anderson level 2 classification. The first digit represents the level one value and the second digit (ones place) represents the subdivision of the level 1 or level 2 value. The Anderson land use codes are: 1 Urban or built-up land, 11 Residental, 12 Commercial and services, 13 Industrial, 14 Transportation, communication, utilities, 15 Industrial and commercial complexes, 16 Mixed urban or built-up land, 17 Other urban or built-up land, 2 Agricultural land, 21 Cropland and pasture, 22 Orchards, groves, vineyards, nurseries, and ornamental horticultural, 23 Confined feeeding operations, 24 Other agricultural land, 3 Rangeland, 31 Herbaceous rangeland, 32 Shrub and brush rangeland, 33 Mixed rangeland, 4 Forest land, 41 Deciduous forest land, 42 Evergreen forest land, 43 Mixed forest land, 5 Water, 51 Streams and canals, 52 Lakes, 53 Reservoirs, 54 Bays and estuaries, 6 Wetland, 61 Forested wetland, 62 Nonforested wetland, 7 Barren land, 71 Dry salt flats, 72 Beaches, 73 Sandy areas not beaches, 74 Bare exposed rock, 75 Strip mines, quarries, gravel pits, 76 Transitional areas, 8 Tundra, 81 Shrub and brush tundra, 82 Herbaceous tundra, 83 Bare ground, 84 Wet tundra, 85 Mixed tundra, 9 Perennial snow or ice, 91 Perennial snowfields, 92 Glaciers Anderson land use classification codes
See Anderson, Hardy, Roach and Witmer. 1976. "Land Use and Land Cover Classification System for Use with Remote Sensor Data." USGS Professional Paper 964.
LUTEXT The name/description corresponding to the LUCODE. Text string
AREA Area of polygon in square meters positive integer
PERIMETER Perimeter of polygon in square meters positive integer

Distribution_Information

Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Albert R. Mann Library
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: Cornell University
City: Ithaca
State_or_Province: New York
Postal_Code: 14853
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 607-255-5406
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: mann-ref@cornell.edu
Distribution_Liability: Cornell University provides these geographic data "as is". Cornell University makes no guarantee or warranty concerning the accuracy of information contained in the geographic data. Cornell University further makes no warranty either expressed or implied, regarding the condition of the product or its fitness for any particular purpose. The burden for determining fitness for use lies entirely with the user. Although these files have been processed successfully on computers at Cornell University, no warranty is made by Cornell University regarding the use of these data on any other system, nor does the fact of distribution constitute or imply any such warranty.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Shapefile
Format_Information_Content: zipped shapefile
File_Decompression_Technique: zip
Transfer_Size: 25.96
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: metadata
Format_Information_Content: FGDC XML metadata
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: HTML metadata
Format_Information_Content: FGDC HTML metadata
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: KML
Format_Information_Content: generated KML, via WFS
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: GeoJSON
Format_Information_Content: generated GeoJSON, via WFS
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: OGC:WMS
Format_Information_Content: WMS, from GeoServer
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Fees: None

Metadata_Reference_Information

Metadata_Date: 20190524
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Albert R. Mann Library
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: Albert R. Mann Library
City: Ithaca
State_or_Province: New York
Postal_Code: 14853
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 607-255-5406
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: mann-ref@cornell.edu
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time