SSURGO soils, Queens County NY

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Identification_Information

Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Publication_Date: 20140504
Title: SSURGO soils, Queens County NY
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Soil Survey Geographic (SSURGO) database
Issue_Identification: Queens County NY
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Fort Worth, Texas
Publisher: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Online_Linkage: https://cugir.library.cornell.edu/catalog/cugir-008213
Online_Linkage: https://websoilsurvey-dev.dev.sc.egov.usda.gov/
Description:
Abstract:
This data set is a digital soil survey and generally is the most
detailed level of soil geographic data developed by the National
Cooperative Soil Survey. The information was prepared by digitizing
maps, by compiling information onto a planimetric correct base
and digitizing, or by revising digitized maps using remotely
sensed and other information.

This data set consists of georeferenced digital map data and
computerized attribute data. The map data are in a soil survey area
extent format and include a detailed, field verified inventory
of soils and miscellaneous areas that normally occur in a repeatable
pattern on the landscape and that can be cartographically shown at
the scale mapped. A special soil features layer (point and line
features) is optional. This layer displays the location of features
too small to delineate at the mapping scale, but they are large
enough and contrasting enough to significantly influence use and
management. The soil map units are linked to attributes in the
National Soil Information System relational database, which gives
the proportionate extent of the component soils and their properties.

The soil map unit delineation boundaries are subject to a cartographic standard of
19 ground meters of separation. Compared to previous nonproject (non-SSURGO-
certified) mapping that was conducted at 1:4,800 in Gateway National Recreation
Area, the 1:12,000 scale mapping will appear to have less detail. However, the
1:12,000 SSURGO product represents the largest-scale official soils data published
by the USDA-NRCS, and supersedes nonproject mapping at larger scales that appears
to provide greater detail. In the process of correlating the mapping to a smaller
scale, individual map unit delineations were combined (into complexes) and some
features, especially wetter areas, small water bodies, or very narrow features
(e.g. short steep slopes or escarpments), may be represented by special features
(in the "*_p" and "*_l" feature classes). For more information regarding nonproject
surveys in New York City, please visit: http://www.nycswcd.net/soil_survey.cfm

Purpose: SSURGO depicts information about the kinds and distribution of soils on the landscape. The soil map and data used in the SSURGO product were prepared by soil scientists as part of the National Cooperative Soil Survey.
Supplemental_Information: Digital versions of hydrography, cultural features, and other associated layers that are not part of the SSURGO data set may be available from the primary organization listed in the Point of Contact.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20110112
Ending_Date: 20140504
Currentness_Reference: publication date
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -74.043716
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -73.700212
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 40.812169
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 40.508932
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: soil survey
Theme_Keyword: soils
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CUGIR Category
Theme_Keyword: geology
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Geographic Names Information System (GNIS)
Place_Keyword: Queens County
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
The U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation
Service, should be acknowledged as the data source in products
derived from these data.

This data set is not designed for use as a primary regulatory tool
in permitting or citing decisions, but may be used as a reference
source. This is public information and may be interpreted by
organizations, agencies, units of government, or others based on
needs; however, they are responsible for the appropriate
application. Federal, State, or local regulatory bodies are not to
reassign to the Natural Resources Conservation Service any
authority for the decisions that they make. The Natural Resources
Conservation Service will not perform any evaluations of these maps
for purposes related solely to State or local regulatory programs.

Photographic or digital enlargement of these maps to scales greater
than at which they were originally mapped can cause misinterpretation
of the data. If enlarged, maps do not show the small areas of
contrasting soils that could have been shown at a larger scale. The
depicted soil boundaries, interpretations, and analysis derived from
them do not eliminate the need for onsite sampling, testing, and
detailed study of specific sites for intensive uses. Thus, these data
and their interpretations are intended for planning purposes only.
Digital data files are periodically updated. Files are dated, and
users are responsible for obtaining the latest version of the data.

Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Contact_Position: State Soil Scientist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service
Address: 441 South Salina Street
Address: Fifth Floor Suite 354
City: Syracuse
State_or_Province: NY
Postal_Code: 13202
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 315-477-6526
Contact_TDD/TTY_Telephone: 800-877-8339
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 855-477-8518
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: stephen.page@ny.usda.gov
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: https://cugir-data.s3.amazonaws.com/00/82/13/preview.png
Browse_Graphic_File_Description: preview of the dataset
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: PNG

Data_Quality_Information

Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report: The attribute accuracy is tested by manual comparison of the source with hard copy plots and/or symbolized display of the map data on an interactive computer graphic system. Selected attributes that cannot be visually verified on plots or on screen are interactively queried and verified on screen. In addition, the attributes are tested against a master set of valid attributes. All attribute data conform to the attribute codes in the signed classification and correlation document and amendment(s).
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Certain node/geometry and topology GT- polygon/chain relationships
are collected or generated to satisfy topological requirements
(the GT-polygon corresponds to the soil delineation). Some of these
requirements include: chains must begin and end at nodes, chains
must connect to each other at nodes, chains do not extend through
nodes, left and right GT-polygons are defined for each chain
element and are consistent throughout, and the chains representing
the limits of the file are free of gaps. The tests of logical
consistency are performed using vendor software. All internal
polygons are tested for closure with vendor software and are checked
on hard copy plots. All data are checked for common soil lines (i.e.,
adjacent polygons with the same label). Edge locations generally do
not deviate from centerline to centerline by more than 0.01 inch.

The Soil Survey of (NY081) Queens County, New York is edge matched
to all of the adjacent SSURGO certified soil surveys:
NJ025 - Monmouth County, New Jersey
NY005 - Bronx County, New York
NY047 - Kings County, New York
NY059 - Nassau County, New York
NY061 - New York County, New York
NY085 - Richmond County, New York

The soil survey boundary for Queens County matches the soil survey
boundary for all of the adjacent certified soil surveys.

The Soil Survey of Queens County is bordered on the north by the East River; to the
east by Nassau County, New York; to the south by the Atlantic Ocean and to the west
by the East River, Kings County, New York, and the Atlantic Ocean. Some feature edges
in this soil survey are not matched to those in the Soil Survey of Nassau County, New
York. Acceptable joins as outlined in the National Soil Survey Handbook (available
online), accessed 04/26/12, were achieved with the Soil Survey of Nassau County, New
York. Differences across county lines occurred relative to map unit design used in
mapping. One major difference between the New York City survey and join surveys is
use of anthropogenic soils. Joining surveys used map unit complexes of Urban land and
soil series, however those soil components represent natural soil series and similar
soils. The New York City soil survey represents the first comprehensive urban soil
survey that recognizes and correlates disturbed soils to the series taxonomic level
and employs them as components in map units. Often times the Urban land component
matches across the survey boundary and the non-matching components are natural and
anthropogenic series. An exception is made for adjoining organic soils, which are
considered to match. Overlapping slope ranges are considered as matching. Exact joins
as outlined in the National Soil Survey Handbook (available online), accessed 3/6/14,
were achieved with the Soils Surveys for Bronx County, New York, Kings County, New
York, and New York County, New York.  Completeness_Report:
A map unit is a collection of areas defined and named in terms of
their soil components or miscellaneous areas or both. Each map
unit differs in some respect from all others in a survey area and
each map unit has a symbol that uniquely identifies the map unit
on a soil map. Each individual area, point, or line so identified
on the map is a delineation.

Completeness_Report:
Soil Scientists identify small areas of soils or miscellaneous areas
that have properties and behavior significantly different than the
named soils in the surrounding map unit. These minor components
may be indicated as special features. If they have a minimal effect
on use and management, or could not be precisely located, they may
not be indicated on the map.

A map unit has specified kinds of soils or miscellaneous areas
(map unit components), each with a designated range in
proportionate extent. Map units include one or more kinds of soil
or miscellaneous area. Miscellaneous areas are areas that have little
or no recognizable soil.

Specific National Cooperative Soil Survey standards and procedures
were used in the classification of soils, design and name of map
units, and location of special soil features. These standards are
outlined in Agricultural Handbook 18, Soil Survey Manual, 1993,
USDA, NRCS; Agricultural Handbook 436, Soil Taxonomy, 1995,
USDA, NRCS; and all Amendments; Keys to Soil Taxonomy,
(current issue) USDA, NRCS; National Soil Survey
Handbook, title 430-VI,(current issue) USDA, NRCS.

The actual composition and interpretive purity of the map unit
delineations were based on data collected by scientists during
the course of preparing the soil maps. Adherence to National
Cooperative Soil Survey standards and procedures is based on
peer review, quality control, and quality assurance. Quality
control is outlined in the memorandum of understanding for the
soil survey area and in documents that reside with the Natural
Resources Conservation Service state soil scientist. Four kinds
of map units are used in soil surveys: consociations, complexes,
associations, and undifferentiated groups.

Consociations - Consociations are named for the dominant soil.
In a consociation, delineated areas use a single name from the
dominant component in the map unit. Dissimilar components are
minor in extent. The soil component in a consociation may be
identified at any taxonomic level. Soil series is the lowest
taxonomic level. A consociation that is named as a miscellaneous
area is dominantly that kind of area and minor components do not
significantly affect the use of the map unit. The total amount of
dissimilar inclusions of other components in a map unit generally
does not exceed about 15 percent if limiting and 25 percent if
nonlimiting. A single component of a dissimilar limiting inclusion
generally does not exceed 10 percent if very contrasting.

Complexes and associations - Complexes and associations consist
of two or more  dissimilar components that occur in a regularly
repeating pattern. The total amount of other dissimilar components
is minor extent. The following arbitrary rule determines whether
complex or association is used in the name. The major components
of an association can be separated at the scale of mapping. In
either case, because the major components are sufficiently different
in morphology or behavior, the map unit cannot be called a
consociation. In each delineation of a complex or an association,
each major component is normally present though their proportions
may vary appreciably from one delineation to another. The total
amount of inclusions in a map unit that are dissimilar to any of
the major components does not exceed 15 percent if limiting and
25 percent if nonlimiting. A single kind of dissimilar limiting
inclusion usually does not exceed 10 percent.

Undifferentiated groups - Undifferentiated groups consist of two
or more components that are not consistently associated
geographically and, therefore, do not always occur together in
the same map delineation. These components are included in the
same named map unit because their use and management are the same
or very similar for common uses. Generally they are grouped together
because some common feature, such as steepness, stoniness, or
flooding, determines their use and management. If two or more
additional map units would serve no useful purpose, they may be
included in the same unit. Each delineation has at least one of the
major components, and some may have all of them. The same principles
regarding the proportion of minor components that apply to
consociations also apply to undifferentiated groups. The same
principles regarding proportion of inclusion apply to
undifferentiated groups as to consociations.

This soil survey is a subset of Major Land Resource Area (MLRA) 149B.  Profile
Descriptions and transects from the entire MLRA, supplement documentation from
Within the subset.

Minimum documentation consists of three complete soil profile
descriptions that are collected for each soil added to the legend,
one additional per 3,000 acres mapped; three 10 observation
transects for each map unit, one additional 10 point transect per
3,000 acres.

A defined standard or level of confidence in the interpretive
purity of the map unit delineations is attained by adjusting the
kind and intensity of field investigations. Field investigations
and data collection are carried out in sufficient detail to name
map units and to identify accurately and consistently areas of
about 1.5 acres.

Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
The accuracy of these digital data is based upon their
compilation to base maps that meet National Map
Accuracy Standards at a scale of 1 inch equals 1,000
feet. The difference in positional accuracy between the
soil boundaries and special soil features locations in the
field and their digitized map locations is unknown. The
locational accuracy of soil delineations on the ground varies
with the transition between map units.

For example, on long gently sloping landscapes the transition
occurs gradually over many feet. Where landscapes change
abruptly from steep to level, the transition will be very
narrow. Soil delineation boundaries and special soil features
generally were digitized within 0.01 inch of their locations on
the digitizing source. The digital map elements are edge matched
between data sets. The data along each quadrangle edge are
matched against the data for the adjacent quadrangle. Edge
locations generally do not deviate from centerline to centerline
by more than 0.01 inch.

Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Publication_Date: 2000
Title: USDA-NRCS-NCGC Digital Raster Graphic (DRG) County Mosaic
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: map
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Lincoln, Nebraska
Publisher: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Source_Scale_Denominator: 24000
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2000
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: NRCS1
Source_Contribution: source for county boundary
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Publication_Date: unpublished material
Title: ARCGIS geodatabase for the state of New York
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
Source_Scale_Denominator: 12000
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2010
Source_Currentness_Reference: date of completion
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: NRCS2
Source_Contribution: source for soil survey boundary
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Publication_Date: 2008
Title: Soil Survey Geographic (SSURGO) databases for adjacent surveys
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Fort Collins, Colorado
Publisher: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, Information Technology Center
Other_Citation_Details: These SSURGO certified soil surveys are adjacent to the Soil Survey of (NY081) Queens County, New York: NJ025 - Monmouth County, New Jersey NY059 - Nassau County, New York
Source_Scale_Denominator: 12000
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2008
Source_Currentness_Reference: dates of publication
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: NRCS3
Source_Contribution: used to check joins to the adjacent soil surveys
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Publication_Date: 2010
Title: National Soil Information System (NASIS) data base
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Fort Collins, Colorado
Publisher: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Type_of_Source_Media: database
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 2010
Ending_Date: 2010
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Source_Contribution: soil attribute (tabular) information
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Publication_Date: unpublished material
Title: region 12 soils geodatabase
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: file geodatabase
Type_of_Source_Media: vector digital data
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 2006
Ending_Date: 2012
Source_Currentness_Reference: SSURGO publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: NRCS4
Source_Contribution: Source of digital revision
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Publication_Date: 20050101
Title: The Reconnaissance Soil Survey of New York City
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
Source_Scale_Denominator: 62500
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 20050101
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: NRCS5
Source_Contribution: Parent material reference for soil map unit delineations, special soil feature locations, and data on soil properties
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Publication_Date: 2001
Title: Soil Survey of Gateway National Recreation Area, New York and New Jersey
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
Source_Scale_Denominator: 4800
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2001
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: NRCS6
Source_Contribution: Information for soil map unit delineations, special soil feature locations, and data on soil properties.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: New York City Department of Information Technology and Telecommunications (DOITT)
Publication_Date: 20040910
Title: DOITT 2002 contours for New York City
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 20040910
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: DOITT1
Source_Contribution: 2 foot contours were used as an aid to assign soil map unit delineations. The contours were also geoprocessed to a digital elevation model raster, yielding slope class maps and hillshades to further aid in soil map unit delineation.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: New York City Department of Information Technology and Telecommunications (DOITT)
Publication_Date: 20010101
Title: DOITT Hydrography
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 20010101
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: DOITT2
Source_Contribution: provides an accurate reference for hydrologic features within the survey area
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 20060101
Title: USGS High Resolution Ortho imagery for the New York City, NY Urban Area
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: raster digital data
Source_Scale_Denominator: 10000
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 20060101
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: USGS1
Source_Contribution: base material for digitized soil maps
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 1902
Title: USGS New York City folio, Paterson, Harlem, Staten Island and Brooklyn quadrangles, New York-New Jersey
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: raster digital data
Source_Scale_Denominator: 62500
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1902
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: USGS2
Source_Contribution: Historical USGS surficial geology maps from 1902 were used to reference soil parent materials, former tidal marsh boundaries and shorelines for both open space and urbanized areas.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 1992
Title: USGS Bedrock and engineering geologic maps of Bronx County and parts of New York and Queens Counties, New York
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: raster digital data
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1992
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: USGS3
Source_Contribution: Information for soil map unit delineations, special soil feature locations, and data on soil properties. Specifically, accurate location of rock outcrops.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 19990201
Title: National Elevation Dataset
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: raster digital data
Source_Scale_Denominator: 24000
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19990201
Ending_Date: unknown
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: USGS4
Source_Contribution: The USGS NED was geoprocessed to provide slope class maps and hillshade models for areas not covered by the DOITT elevation/contour data.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 20110216
Title: NLCD 2006 Percent Developed Imperviousness
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: raster digital data
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 20110216
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: USGS5
Source_Contribution: Percent impervious surface raster data was used to evaluate zonal statistics for map unit composition of individual delineations of Urban land map units.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 1971
Title: USGS Ground-water and geo-hydrologic conditions in Queens County, Long Island, New York
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: raster digital data
Source_Scale_Denominator: 62500
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1971
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: USGS6
Source_Contribution: Information for soil map unit delineations, special soil feature locations, and data on soil properties
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC)
Publication_Date: 2008
Title: NYSDEC Historic Fill
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2008
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: NYSDEC1
Source_Contribution: Information on location of historic land filling, which serves soil map unit delineations, special soil feature locations, and data on soil properties.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC)
Publication_Date: 19981130
Title: New York State Regulatory Freshwater Wetlands
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
Source_Scale_Denominator: 24000
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 19981130
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: NYSDEC2
Source_Contribution: provides a reference for location of regulatory wetlands coverage
Process_Step:
Process_Description: No soil survey data is available for Queens County, New York. The boundary of the Queens County Soil Survey has been digitized by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) Michigan Digitizing Unit (MIDU) staff. The MIDU staff created a geodatabase for the 'NOTCOM' surveys in New York with the ARCGIS Version 9.3 software. The boundary for each 'NOTCOM' survey was digitized 'on-screen' from the County Mosaic of the USGS Topographic Quadrangles Digital Raster Graphic (DRG) image files. The adjacent soil surveys were downloaded from the Soil Data Warehouse (SDW) and imported into the geodatabase. The boundaries of this soil survey were adjusted to match the boundaries of the adjacent soil surveys at a tolerance of 0.1 meters. The 'NOTCOM' soil area for NY081 was exported from the ARCGIS software as an ARC interchange file.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NRCS1, NRCS2, NRCS3
Process_Date: 2010
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The New York soil scientists set up the 'NOTCOM' map unit for New York County in the National Soil Information System (NASIS) database according to USDA-NRCS standards.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Process_Date: 2010
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The digital map for Queens County was imported into the ARC/INFO Version 9.3 software for review and certification. The MIDU staff checked the data with a set of ARC Macro Language (AML) programs developed by the USDA-NRCS National Cartographic and Geospatial Center (NCGC). The coverage was checked using the July 2009 SSURGO Evaluation AML programs. The New York soil scientists supplied the SSURGO download from NASIS. The map unit key is added to the coverage to link the 'NOTCOM' area in the spatial data to the NASIS database. Upon successful completion of the SSURGO Evaluation, the county coverages and the metadata were electronically transferred to the NRCS Staging Server to be joined with the tabular data.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Process_Date: 2011
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The Natural Resources Conservation Service State Soil Scientist or delegate, upon completion of data quality verification, determined that the tabular data should be released for official use. A selected set of map units and components in the soil survey legend was copied to a staging database, and rating values for selected interpretations were generated. The list of selected interpretations is stored in the database table named sainterp.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Process_Date: 20101210
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The Natural Resources Conservation Service State Soil Scientist or delegate verified that the labels on the digitized soil map units link to map units in the tabular database, and certified the joined data sets for release to the Soil Data Warehouse. A system assigned version number and date stamp were added and the data were copied to the data warehouse. The tabular data for the map units and components were extracted from the data warehouse and reformatted into the soil data delivery data model, then stored in the Soil Data Mart. The spatial data were copied to the Soil Data Mart without change.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Process_Date: 20110112
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The spatial data for Queens County, New York soil survey area was downloaded from the Soil Data Mart on October 15, 2012. The individual shapefiles were appended into a geodatabase for region 12. The data were processed in ARCGIS 10.1 using a topology object with a 0.1 meter cluster tolerance for the purpose of eliminating gaps and overlaps within the region 12 soils geodatabase. Individual soil survey area data were exported as shapefiles from the regional geodatabase. A datum transformation from NAD83 to WGS84 using the NAD_1983_To_WGS_1984_1 datum transformation method was applied to the data. The data were checked with the SSURGO Evaluation scripts provided by U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service. The shapefiles were then uploaded to the soil data warehouse for archival and distribution.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NRCS4
Process_Date: 2013
Process_Step:
Process_Description: Soil delineations were manually digitized using ArcMap, version 10.1. Digitizing, quality control, and quality assurance were performed by soil scientists and cartographic technicians at the Natural Resources Conservation Service. New York City had a previous nonproject soil survey, published 2005, at a scale of 1:62,500. The map units from this Reconnaissance Soil Survey were used as a reference with regard to parent material. There was also a prior non-project soil survey made at a larger scale for Gateway National Recreation Area. Soil map unit delineations from the USDA-NRCS Gateway National Recreation Area non-project soil survey were generalized from the 1:4,800 scale to the 1:12,000 SSURGO scale through heads-up digitizing. To ensure accuracy at publication scale, digital soil delineations were visually verified at a scale of 1:12,000 with reference to digital ancillary layers including orthoimagery; ten meter resolution hillshade and slope models developed from the ten meter NED; three meter resolution hillshade, wetness index, and slope models developed from 2 foot DOITT contour data; hydrography; existing wetland inventory; historical surficial geology; historic fill; bedrock geology; land cover; and elevation contours. Easily identified features were utilized to ensure vertical integration and accurate soil delineation placement.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NRCS5, NRCS6, DOITT1, DOITT2, USGS1, USGS2, USGS3, USGS4, USGS5, USGS6, NYSDEC1, NYSDEC2
Process_Date: 2014
Process_Step:
Process_Description: Field procedures for the second order soil survey included plotting of soil boundaries determined by field observation, by interpretation of remotely sensed data, and recorrelation of existing non-project soil surveys within the area. Boundaries were verified at closely spaced intervals, and the soils in each delineation were identified by traversing and transecting the landscape. Urban land composition of map units was determined through an ArcGIS zonal statistics analysis of the National Land Cover Dataset Impervious Surface raster. The classification and map unit names were progressively reviewed between November 2007 and April 2012. Digitizing, quality control, and quality assurance were conducted by soil scientists at the 12-TOL MLRA Soil Survey Office, New York Natural Resources Conservation Service, and Soil Survey Region 12 Office.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: DOITT2, USGS1, USGS5, NYSDEC1, NYSDEC2, DOITT1
Process_Date: 2012
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The National Soil Information System database was developed by Natural Resources Conservation Service soil scientists according to national standards found in the National Soil Survey Handbook and the Soil Survey Manual.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Process_Date: 2014
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The soils dataset for Queens County, New York was sent to the Madison, Wisconsin Digitizing Unit. The data was incorporated into the Region 12 Transactional Geodatabase and evaluated for completeness. The data were then exported as a shapefiles and uploaded to Web Soil Survey for archival and distribution.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NRCS4
Process_Date: 20140418
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The Natural Resources Conservation Service State Soil Scientist or delegate, upon completion of data quality verification, determined that the tabular data should be released for official use. A selected set of map units and components in the soil survey legend was copied to a staging database, and rating values for selected interpretations were generated. The list of selected interpretations is stored in the database table named sainterp.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Process_Date: 20140504
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The Natural Resources Conservation Service State Soil Scientist or delegate verified that the labels on the digitized soil map units link to map units in the tabular database, and certified the joined data sets for release to the Soil Data Warehouse. A system assigned version number and date stamp were added and the data were copied to the data warehouse. The tabular data for the map units and components were extracted from the data warehouse and reformatted into the soil data delivery data model, then stored in the Soil Data Mart. The spatial data were copied to the Soil Data Mart without change.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Process_Date: 20140504
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The Natural Resources Conservation Service State Soil Scientist or delegate, upon completion of data quality verification, determined that the tabular data should be released for official use. A selected set of map units and components in the soil survey legend was copied to a staging database, and rating values for selected interpretations were generated. The list of selected interpretations is stored in the database table named sainterp.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Process_Date: 20140916
Process_Step:
Process_Description: Soil interpretation factors K, T, WEG, WEI, concrete corrosion potential, and steel corrosion potential were calculated based on national standard parameters. The Natural Resources Conservation Service State Soil Scientist or delegate verified that the labels on the digitized soil map units link to map units in the tabular database, and certified the joined data sets for release to the Soil Data Warehouse. A system assigned version number and date stamp were added and the data were copied to the data warehouse. The tabular data for the map units and components were extracted from the data warehouse and reformatted into the soil data delivery data model, then stored in the Soil Data Mart. The spatial data were copied to the Soil Data Mart without change.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Process_Date: 20140916
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The Natural Resources Conservation Service State Soil Scientist or delegate, upon completion of data quality verification, determined that the tabular data should be released for official use. A selected set of map units and components in the soil survey legend was copied to a staging database, and rating values for selected interpretations were generated. The list of selected interpretations is stored in the database table named sainterp.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Process_Date: 20150924
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The Natural Resources Conservation Service State Soil Scientist or delegate verified that the labels on the digitized soil map units link to map units in the tabular database, and certified the joined data sets for release to the Soil Data Warehouse. A system assigned version number and date stamp were added and the data were copied to the data warehouse. The tabular data for the map units and components were extracted from the data warehouse and reformatted into the soil data delivery data model, then stored in the Soil Data Mart. The spatial data were copied to the Soil Data Mart without change.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Process_Date: 20150924
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The Natural Resources Conservation Service State Soil Scientist or delegate, upon completion of data quality verification, determined that the tabular data should be released for official use. A selected set of map units and components in the soil survey legend was copied to a staging database, and rating values for selected interpretations were generated. The list of selected interpretations is stored in the database table named sainterp.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Process_Date: 20160924
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The Natural Resources Conservation Service State Soil Scientist or delegate verified that the labels on the digitized soil map units link to map units in the tabular database, and certified the joined data sets for release to the Soil Data Warehouse. A system assigned version number and date stamp were added and the data were copied to the data warehouse. The tabular data for the map units and components were extracted from the data warehouse and reformatted into the soil data delivery data model, then stored in the Soil Data Mart. The spatial data were copied to the Soil Data Mart without change.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Process_Date: 20160924

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information

Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Vector
Point_and_Vector_Object_Information:
SDTS_Terms_Description:
SDTS_Point_and_Vector_Object_Type: G-polygon
Point_and_Vector_Object_Count: 2468

Spatial_Reference_Information

Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 0.000001
Longitude_Resolution: 0.0000001
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: decimal degrees
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: World Geodetic System 1984
Ellipsoid_Name: World Geodetic System 1984
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.00000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257222

Entity_and_Attribute_Information

Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: Special Soil Features
Entity_Type_Definition: Special Soil Features represent soil, miscellaneous area, or landform features that are too small to be digitized as soil delineations (area features).
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: Agricultural Handbook 18, Soil Survey Manual, 1993, USDA, SCS.
Attributes:
Name Description Values
Special Soil Features Codes Special Soil Features labels represent specific Special Soil Features. These features are identified with a descriptive label. The label is assigned to the point or line assigned to represent the feature on maps. Classification and Correlation of the Soils of Queens County, New York
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
Map Unit Delineations are closed polygons that may be dominated
by a single soil or miscellaneous area component plus allowable
similar or dissimilar soils, or they can be geographic mixtures
of groups of soils or soils and miscellaneous areas.

The map unit symbol uniquely identifies each closed map unit
delineation. Each symbol corresponds to a map unit name. The
map unit key is used to link to information in the National
Soil Information System tables.

Map Unit Delineations are described by the National Soil
Information System database. This attribute database gives the
proportionate extent of the component soils and the properties for
each soil. The database contains both estimated and measured data
on the physical and chemical soil properties and soil
interpretations for engineering, water management, recreation,
agronomic, woodland, range, and wildlife uses of the soil.

The National Soil Information System database contains static
metadata. It documents the data structure and includes such
information as what tables, columns, indexes, and relationships
are defined as well as a variety of attributes of each of these
database objects. Attributes include table and column
descriptions and detailed domain information.

The National Soil Information System database also contains a
distribution metadata. It records the criteria used for selecting
map units and components for inclusion in the set of distributed
data.

Special features are described in the feature table.  It includes an
area symbol, feature label, feature name, and feature description for
each special and ad hoc feature in the survey area.

Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Soil Taxonomy: A basic system of soil classification for making and
interpreting soil surveys. Agricultural Handbook 436, 1999, USDA, SCS.

Keys to Soil Taxonomy (current issue), USDA, SCS.

National Soil Survey Handbook, Title 430-VI, part 647 (current
issue), USDA, NRCS.

Agricultural Handbook 18, Soil Survey Manual, 1993, USDA, SCS.


Distribution_Information

Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Albert R. Mann Library
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: Cornell University
City: Ithaca
State_or_Province: New York
Postal_Code: 14853
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 607-255-5406
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: mann-ref@cornell.edu
Distribution_Liability: Cornell University provides these geographic data "as is". Cornell University makes no guarantee or warranty concerning the accuracy of information contained in the geographic data. Cornell University further makes no warranty either expressed or implied, regarding the condition of the product or its fitness for any particular purpose. The burden for determining fitness for use lies entirely with the user. Although these files have been processed successfully on computers at Cornell University, no warranty is made by Cornell University regarding the use of these data on any other system, nor does the fact of distribution constitute or imply any such warranty.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Shapefile
Format_Information_Content: zipped shapefile
File_Decompression_Technique: zip
Transfer_Size: 10.44
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: metadata
Format_Information_Content: FGDC XML metadata
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: HTML metadata
Format_Information_Content: FGDC HTML metadata
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: KML
Format_Information_Content: generated KML, via WFS
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: GeoJSON
Format_Information_Content: generated GeoJSON, via WFS
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: OGC:WMS
Format_Information_Content: WMS, from GeoServer
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Fees: None

Distribution_Information

Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, National Geospatial Center of Excellence
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 501 West Felix Street, Building 23
City: Fort Worth
State_or_Province: Texas
Postal_Code: 76115
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 800 672 5559
Contact_TDD/TTY_Telephone: 202 720 2600
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 817 509 3469
Resource_Description: Queens County, New York SSURGO
Distribution_Liability:
Although these data have been processed successfully on a computer
system at the U.S. Department of Agriculture, no warranty expressed
or implied is made by the Agency regarding the utility of the data
on any other system, nor shall the act of distribution constitute
any such warranty. The U.S. Department of Agriculture will warrant
the delivery of this product in computer readable format, and will
offer appropriate adjustment of credit when the product is determined
unreadable by correctly adjusted computer input peripherals, or
when the physical medium is delivered in damaged condition. Request
for adjustment of credit must be made within 90 days from the date
of this shipment from the ordering site.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture, nor any of its agencies are
liable for misuse of the data, for damage, for transmission of
viruses, or for computer contamination through the distribution of
these data sets. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits
discrimination in all its programs and activities on the basis of race,
color, national origin, sex, religion, age, disability, political
beliefs, sexual orientation, or marital or family status. (Not all
prohibited bases apply to all programs.)

Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ESRI shapefile
Format_Information_Content: spatial
Transfer_Size: 0.1
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: URL:http://DataGateway.nrcs.usda.gov/
Access_Instructions: Select desired survey area at above Internet Web site. An email address is required for receipt of instructions on retrieval via anonymous FTP. Anticipate a delay between submission of request at Web site and receipt of email message.
Fees: There is currently no direct charge for requesting data or for retrieval via FTP.
Ordering_Instructions: Visit the above mentioned Internet Web Site, select state or territory, then select individual soil survey area of interest. Spatial line data and locations of special feature symbols are in ESRI ArcGIS shapefile, format. The National Soil Information System attribute soil data are available in variable length, pipe delimited, ASCII file format.
Turnaround: Typically within four hours

Metadata_Reference_Information

Metadata_Date: 20190524
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Albert R. Mann Library
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: Albert R. Mann Library
City: Ithaca
State_or_Province: New York
Postal_Code: 14853
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 607-255-5406
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: mann-ref@cornell.edu
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time